Spindle fruits in October
There are relatively few wild flowers that first start flowering in September,
October, November and December.
There are plenty of plants still 'out' after starting to flower earlier in the year.
These numbers steadily decline towards December.
Sometimes you find small numbers of spring flowers flowering at this time.
This is presumably because the plants get confused by the length of daylight
and temperatures which are the same as in spring. Recent examples I have
seen include Magnolia, Himalayan Clematis and Pasqueflower flowering at the
end of October.
Of the truly wild flowers, Ivy and hybrids between Western Gorse and
Gorse start flowering in September.
Gorse and Helibores starts to flower in December.
In mild winters, such as in 2015, Daffodil, Lesser Celandine, Snowdrop,
Winter Aconite and Winter Heliotropel may start to flower in November and
Late autumn and early winter is also the time when many of the showy shrubs
that dominate gardens, parks and public amenity areas begin to flower, e.g.,
Camelia, Fatsia, Hebe, Japonica, Silk-tassel bush, Viburnum, Winter
Honeysuckle and Winter Jasmine, some of which live as escapes in waste land,
brownfield sites and relic gardens, especially near built up areas.