Buckwheat in field by Wessex Ridgeway, Dorset
Flowerhead of pink and white flowers
Flowerhead showing petaloid perianth segments
5 perianth segements, 8 stamens, 3 styles
Arrow-shaped leaves, red stems
Large field of Buckwheat
July to September
It is cattered throughout the country but is most common in the
South and the Midlands
For a map see the National Biodiversity Network Gateway
It is a neophyte which was grown from the 1500s to the 1800s
as a flour-producing grain crop.
It was first shown to grow in the wild in the late 1590s.
It grows as a casual on waste ground, on the edges of fields and
Nowadays, it is grown commercially as a health food, as a green
manure and as food for game birds.
In the US it is widely grown to produce a nutty flour used to make
pancakes and biscuits.
Buckwheat is an annual herb growing up to 60cm.
The flowers are pink and white and up to 5mm.
They are in clusters.
There are no petals or sepals. They are replaced by 5 petaloid
There are 8 stamens and 3 styles.
The fruit is a nut that looks too big for the flower.
The leaves are arrow-shaped and resemble those in other
The stems are red.
For some of the health claims made for Buckwheat click
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